Duke Energy (NYSE: DUK), headequartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, was an electricity wholesaler in California during the Energy Crisis of 2000 and 2001. Duke admitted to charging nearly $3,900 per megawatt-hour for power it sold to California utilities at times in early 2001, where the norm had been under $30 per megawatt-hour. 1
Duke Energy currently operates 17 coal-fired plants 5 nuclear plants, and several oil- and gas-fired plants, as well as hydro facilities.
In 2002, researchers at the University of Massachusetts identified Duke Energy as the 46th-largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States, with roughly 36 million pounds of toxic chemicals released annually into the air. 2
2. THE TOXIC 100: Top Corporate Air Polluters in the United States,